Microsoft et Yahoo, la fin de la danse du ventre

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La dépêche de l’AFP:

 Microsoft retire son offre d’achat du groupe internet Yahoo!

Le géant américain des logiciels Microsoft a décidé de retirer son offre d’achat du groupe internet Yahoo!, faute d’accord sur le prix d’achat, indique un communiqué de Microsoft samedi.

« Microsoft a retiré sa proposition d’acquérir Yahoo« , indique le groupe.

« Malgré tous nos efforts , et bien que nous ayons relevé notre offre d’environ 5 milliards de dollars, Yahoo! n’a pas avancé pour accepter notre offre », a déclaré le PDG de Microsoft Steve Ballmer dans le communiqué.

Après une étude approfondie, nous estimons que les sommes demandées par Yahoo! ne sont pas raisonnables pour nous, et qu’il est dans le meilleur intérêt des actionnaires et des salariés de Microsoft que nous retirions notre offre », ajoute-t-il.

« Yahoo! aurait accéléré notre stratégie mais nous pouvons avancer » sans lui, a-t-il ajouté, soulignant aussi que son groupe prévoit « des alliances stratégiques avec d’autres partenaires ».

Microsoft avait offert le 1er février de racheter Yahoo!, numéro deux mondial de la publicité en ligne, pour 31 dollars par action, soit 44,6 milliards de dollars, payables en cash et en actions, afin de concurrencer Google, leader mondial de la publicité sur internet.

Les dirigeants de Yahoo! ont refusé obstinément, jugeant le prix trop bas. Microsoft a martelé qu’il ne paierait pas plus et menacé de se retirer. Ces derniers jours, dans un ultime effort pour remporter l’affaire, partenaires a relevé son offre mais sans parvenir à convaincre Yahoo!.

Le courrier officiel de Yahoo! :

May 3, 2008

Mr. Jerry Yang
CEO and Chief Yahoo
Yahoo! Inc.
701 First Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94089

Dear Jerry:

After over three months, we have reached the conclusion of the process regarding a possible combination of Microsoft and Yahoo!.

I first want to convey my personal thanks to you, your management team, and Yahoo!’s Board of Directors for your consideration of our proposal. I appreciate the time and attention all of you have given to this matter, and I especially appreciate the time that you have invested personally. I feel that our discussions this week have been particularly useful, providing me for the first time with real clarity on what is and is not possible.

I am disappointed that Yahoo! has not moved towards accepting our offer. I first called you with our offer on January 31 because I believed that a combination of our two companies would have created real value for our respective shareholders and would have provided consumers, publishers, and advertisers with greater innovation and choice in the marketplace. Our decision to offer a 62 percent premium at that time reflected the strength of these convictions.

In our conversations this week, we conveyed our willingness to raise our offer to $33.00 per share, reflecting again our belief in this collective opportunity. This increase would have added approximately another $5 billion of value to your shareholders, compared to the current value of our initial offer. It also would have reflected a premium of over 70 percent compared to the price at which your stock closed on January 31. Yet it has proven insufficient, as your final position insisted on Microsoft paying yet another $5 billion or more, or at least another $4 per share above our $33.00 offer.

Also, after giving this week’s conversations further thought, it is clear to me that it is not sensible for Microsoft to take our offer directly to your shareholders. This approach would necessarily involve a protracted proxy contest and eventually an exchange offer. Our discussions with you have led us to conclude that, in the interim, you would take steps that would make Yahoo! undesirable as an acquisition for Microsoft.

We regard with particular concern your apparent planning to respond to a “hostile” bid by pursuing a new arrangement that would involve or lead to the outsourcing to Google of key paid Internet search terms offered by Yahoo! today. In our view, such an arrangement with the dominant search provider would make an acquisition of Yahoo! undesirable to us for a number of reasons:

– First, it would fundamentally undermine Yahoo!’s own strategy and long-term viability by encouraging advertisers to use Google as opposed to your Panama paid search system. This would also fragment your search advertising and display advertising strategies and the ecosystem surrounding them. This would undermine the reliance on your display advertising business to fuel future growth.

– Given this, it would impair Yahoo’s ability to retain the talented engineers working on advertising systems that are important to our interest in a combination of our companies.

– In addition, it would raise a host of regulatory and legal problems that no acquirer, including Microsoft, would want to inherit. Among other things, this would consolidate market share with the already-dominant paid search provider in a manner that would reduce competition and choice in the marketplace.

– This would also effectively enable Google to set the prices for key search terms on both their and your search platforms and, in the process, raise prices charged to advertisers on Yahoo. In addition to whatever resulting legal problems, this seems unwise from a business perspective unless in fact one simply wishes to use this as a vehicle to exit the paid search business in favor of Google.

– It could foreclose any chance of a combination with any other search provider that is not already relying on Google’s search services.

Accordingly, your apparent plan to pursue such an arrangement in the event of a proxy contest or exchange offer leads me to the firm decision not to pursue such a path. Instead, I hereby formally withdraw Microsoft’s proposal to acquire Yahoo!.

We will move forward and will continue to innovate and grow our business at Microsoft with the talented team we have in place and potentially through strategic transactions with other business partners.

I still believe even today that our offer remains the only alternative put forward that provides your stockholders full and fair value for their shares. By failing to reach an agreement with us, you and your stockholders have left significant value on the table.

But clearly a deal is not to be.

Thank you again for the time we have spent together discussing this.

Sincerely yours,

Steven A. Ballmer
Chief Executive Officer
Microsoft Corporation

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